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TSPY_ZBOT.VUH
Malware type: Spyware
Destructive: No
Platform: Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows Vista (32-bit, 64-bit), Windows 7 (32-bit, 64-bit)
In the wild: Yes

Overview


Infection Channel: Downloaded from the Internet, Dropped by other malware

This malware is involved in the socially-engineered attack that took advantage of the July 2014 Flight MH17 tragedy. Users affected by this malware may have their personal information stolen and their systems infected with other malicious files.

To get a one-glance comprehensive view of the behavior of this Spyware, refer to the Threat Diagram shown below.

This spyware arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It deletes itself after execution.

Technical Details


File size: 349,697 bytes
File type: EXE
Memory resident: Yes
Initial samples received date: 05 Nov 2013
Payload: Connects to URLs/IPs, Deletes files

Arrival Details

This spyware arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

Installation

This spyware creates the following folders:

  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Ylfu
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Rivou
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Ycofeq
  • %User Profile%\Microsoft\Address Book
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Microsoft\Outlook Express
  • %System Root%\Documents and Settings\Wilbert
  • %Application Data%\Identities
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Microsoft

(Note: %User Profile% is the current user's profile folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name} on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name} on Windows Vista and 7.. %Application Data% is the current user's Application Data folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Application Data on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Roaming on Windows Vista and 7.. %System Root% is the root folder, which is usually C:\. It is also where the operating system is located.)

Autostart Technique

This spyware adds the following registry entries to enable its automatic execution at every system startup:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
Udiny = "%User Profile%\Ylfu\amhel.exe"

Other System Modifications

This spyware deletes the following files:

  • %Windows%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\security.config.cch.688.69078
  • %Windows%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\enterprisesec.config.cch.688.69078
  • %User Profile%\v2.0.50727.42\security.config.cch.688.69171
  • %Windows%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\security.config.cch.1948.77640
  • %Windows%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\enterprisesec.config.cch.1948.77640
  • %User Profile%\v2.0.50727.42\security.config.cch.1948.77843
  • %User Profile%\Rivou\awylv.tmp

(Note: %Windows% is the Windows folder, which is usually C:\Windows.. %User Profile% is the current user's profile folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name} on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name} on Windows Vista and 7.)

It adds the following registry keys:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Ciyl

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Explorer\Privacy

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
WAB\WAB4\Wab File Name

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\Mail

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\News

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\Trident\Settings

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\Trident\Main

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\Rules\Mail

It adds the following registry entries:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Explorer\Privacy
CleanCookies = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Ciyl
Uwuretty = "{random values}"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Server ID = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
LDAP Server ID = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP Server ID = "2"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
LDAP Server ID = "3"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager
Server ID = "4"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts
PreConfigVer = "4"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts
PreConfigVerNTDS = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
Account Name = "Active Directory"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Server = "NULL"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Search Return = "64"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Timeout = "3c"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Authentication = "2"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Simple Search = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Bind DN = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Port = "cc4"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Resolve Flag = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Secure Connection = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP User Name = "NULL"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
LDAP Search Base = "NULL"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
Account Name = "Bigfoot Internet Directory Service"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
LDAP Server = "ldap.bigfoot.com"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
LDAP URL = "http://www.{BLOCKED}t.com"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
LDAP Search Return = "64"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
LDAP Timeout = "3c"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
LDAP Authentication = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
LDAP Simple Search = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
LDAP Logo = "%ProgramFiles%\Common Files\Services\bigfoot.bmp"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
Account Name = "VeriSign Internet Directory Service"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP Server = "directory.verisign.com"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP URL = "http://www.{BLOCKED}gn.com"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP Search Return = "64"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP Timeout = "3c"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP Authentication = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP Search Base = "NULL"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP Simple Search = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
LDAP Logo = "%ProgramFiles%\Common Files\Services\verisign.bmp"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
Account Name = "WhoWhere Internet Directory Service"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
LDAP Server = "ldap.whowhere.com"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
LDAP URL = "http://www.{BLOCKED}re.com"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
LDAP Search Return = "64"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
LDAP Timeout = "3c"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
LDAP Authentication = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
LDAP Simple Search = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
LDAP Logo = "%ProgramFiles%\Common Files\Services\whowhere.bmp"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager
Default LDAP Account = "Active Directory GC"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
WAB\WAB4
OlkContactRefresh = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
WAB\WAB4
OlkFolderRefresh = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}
Identity Ordinal = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts
ConnectionSettingsMigrated = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
VerStamp = "3"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
SpellDontIgnoreDBCS = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\Mail
Welcome Message = "{random values}"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\Mail
Accounts Checked = "{random values}"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\News
Accounts Checked = "{random values}"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
MSIMN = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Account Manager\Accounts
AssociatedID = "{random values}"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
StoreMigratedV5 = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
ConvertedToDBX = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
Settings Upgraded = "7"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\Mail
Safe Attachments = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
Running = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
WAB\WAB4
FirstRun = "1"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0\Mail
Welcome Message = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
SpoolerDlgPos = "{random values}"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
SpoolerTack = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\
5.0
Running = "0"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Ciyl
Iliqax = "{random values}"

It modifies the following registry entries:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\0
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\1
1406 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\1
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\2
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\3
1406 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 3.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\3
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\4
1406 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 3.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\4
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities
Identity Ordinal = "2"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

Dropping Routine

This spyware drops the following files:

  • %User Profile%\Ylfu\amhel.exe
  • %User Profile%\Rivou\awylv.vao
  • %User Profile%\Ycofeq\cupi.kuc
  • %User Profile%\Address Book\Wilbert.wab
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Microsoft\Outlook Express\Inbox.dbx
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Microsoft\Outlook Express\Sent Items.dbx
  • %User Temp%\MPS17.tmp
  • %User Profile%\Address Book\Wilbert.wab~

(Note: %User Profile% is the current user's profile folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name} on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name} on Windows Vista and 7.. %Application Data% is the current user's Application Data folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Application Data on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Roaming on Windows Vista and 7.. %User Temp% is the current user's Temp folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name}\Local Settings\Temp on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name}\AppData\Local\Temp on Windows Vista and 7.)

Other Details

This spyware connects to the following possibly malicious URL:

  • http://new.{BLOCKED}rproduct.org/css/styles/css/doc/file.php
  • http://www.{BLOCKED}e.com/webhp
  • http://new.{BLOCKED}rproduct.org/css/styles/css/doc/gate.php

It deletes itself after execution.

Solution


Minimum scan engine: 9.700
VSAPI OPR Pattern Version: 10.393.00
VSAPI OPR Pattern Release Date: 06 Nov 2013

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Restart in Safe Mode

[ Learn more ]

Step 3

Delete this registry key

[ Learn more ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft
    • Ciyl
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer
    • Privacy
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
    • Uninstall
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft
    • Internet Account Manager
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager
    • Accounts
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
    • Active Directory GC
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
    • Bigfoot
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
    • VeriSign
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
    • WhoWhere
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\WAB\WAB4
    • Wab File Name
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • Mail
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • News
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Trident
    • Settings
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Trident
    • Main
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Rules
    • Mail

Step 4

Delete this registry value

[ Learn more ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • Udiny = "%User Profile%\Ylfu\amhel.exe"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Privacy
    • CleanCookies = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Ciyl
    • Uwuretty = "{random values}"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Server ID = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • LDAP Server ID = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP Server ID = "2"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • LDAP Server ID = "3"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager
    • Server ID = "4"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
    • PreConfigVer = "4"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
    • PreConfigVerNTDS = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • Account Name = "Active Directory"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Server = "NULL"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Search Return = "64"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Timeout = "3c"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Authentication = "2"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Simple Search = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Bind DN = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Port = "cc4"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Resolve Flag = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Secure Connection = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP User Name = "NULL"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Active Directory GC
    • LDAP Search Base = "NULL"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • Account Name = "Bigfoot Internet Directory Service"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • LDAP Server = "ldap.bigfoot.com"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • LDAP URL = "http://www.{BLOCKED}t.com"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • LDAP Search Return = "64"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • LDAP Timeout = "3c"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • LDAP Authentication = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • LDAP Simple Search = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\Bigfoot
    • LDAP Logo = "%ProgramFiles%\Common Files\Services\bigfoot.bmp"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • Account Name = "VeriSign Internet Directory Service"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP Server = "directory.verisign.com"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP URL = "http://www.{BLOCKED}gn.com"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP Search Return = "64"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP Timeout = "3c"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP Authentication = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP Search Base = "NULL"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP Simple Search = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\VeriSign
    • LDAP Logo = "%ProgramFiles%\Common Files\Services\verisign.bmp"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • Account Name = "WhoWhere Internet Directory Service"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • LDAP Server = "ldap.whowhere.com"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • LDAP URL = "http://www.{BLOCKED}re.com"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • LDAP Search Return = "64"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • LDAP Timeout = "3c"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • LDAP Authentication = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • LDAP Simple Search = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts\WhoWhere
    • LDAP Logo = "%ProgramFiles%\Common Files\Services\whowhere.bmp"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager
    • Default LDAP Account = "Active Directory GC"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\WAB\WAB4
    • OlkContactRefresh = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\WAB\WAB4
    • OlkFolderRefresh = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}
    • Identity Ordinal = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
    • ConnectionSettingsMigrated = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • VerStamp = "3"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • SpellDontIgnoreDBCS = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Mail
    • Welcome Message = "{random values}"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Mail
    • Accounts Checked = "{random values}"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\News
    • Accounts Checked = "{random values}"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • MSIMN = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Account Manager\Accounts
    • AssociatedID = "{random values}"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • StoreMigratedV5 = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • ConvertedToDBX = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • Settings Upgraded = "7"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Mail
    • Safe Attachments = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • Running = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\WAB\WAB4
    • FirstRun = "1"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0\Mail
    • Welcome Message = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • SpoolerDlgPos = "{random values}"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • SpoolerTack = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express\5.0
    • Running = "0"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Ciyl
    • Iliqax = "{random values}"

Step 5

Restore these modified registry values

[ Learn more ]

Important:Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this only if you know how to or you can seek your system administrator's help. You may also check out this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\0
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\1
    • From: 1406 = "0"
      To: 1406 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\1
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\2
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\3
    • From: 1406 = "0"
      To: 1406 = ""3""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\3
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\4
    • From: 1406 = "0"
      To: 1406 = ""3""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\4
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities
    • From: Identity Ordinal = "2"
      To: Identity Ordinal = ""1""

Step 6

Search and delete these components

[ Learn more ]
There may be some components that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the "More advanced options" option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.
  • %User Profile%\Ylfu\amhel.exe
  • %User Profile%\Rivou\awylv.vao
  • %User Profile%\Ycofeq\cupi.kuc
  • %User Profile%\Address Book\Wilbert.wab
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Microsoft\Outlook Express\Inbox.dbx
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Microsoft\Outlook Express\Sent Items.dbx
  • %User Temp%\MPS17.tmp
  • %User Profile%\Address Book\Wilbert.wab~

Step 7

Search and delete these folders

[ Learn more ]
Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the More advanced options option to include all hidden folders in the search result.
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Ylfu
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Rivou
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Ycofeq
  • %User Profile%\Microsoft\Address Book
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Microsoft\Outlook Express
  • %System Root%\Documents and Settings\Wilbert
  • %Application Data%\Identities
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}
  • %Application Data%\Identities\{8A24C031-62FE-4BF5-94F0-BFD4FBCD674B}\Microsoft

Step 8

Restart in normal mode and scan your computer with your Trend Micro product for files detected as TSPY_ZBOT.VUH. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.

Step 9

Restore this file from backup only Microsoft-related files will be restored. If this malware/grayware also deleted files related to programs that are not from Microsoft, please reinstall those programs on you computer again.

  • %Windows%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\security.config.cch.688.69078
  • %Windows%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\enterprisesec.config.cch.688.69078
  • %User Profile%\v2.0.50727.42\security.config.cch.688.69171
  • %Windows%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\security.config.cch.1948.77640
  • %Windows%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\enterprisesec.config.cch.1948.77640
  • %User Profile%\v2.0.50727.42\security.config.cch.1948.77843
  • %User Profile%\Rivou\awylv.tmp


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Analysis By: Automation

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