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TSPY_ZBOT.LA
Malware type: Spyware
Destructive: No
Platform: Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003
In the wild: Yes

Overview


This spyware arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

It deletes itself after execution.

Technical Details


File size: 147,176 bytes
File type: EXE
Memory resident: Yes
Initial samples received date: 29 Sep 2013

Arrival Details

This spyware arrives on a system as a file dropped by other malware or as a file downloaded unknowingly by users when visiting malicious sites.

Installation

This spyware creates the following folders:

  • *
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Altaiw
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Gibat

(Note: %User Profile% is the current user's profile folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name} on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name} on Windows Vista and 7.)

Autostart Technique

This spyware adds the following registry entries to enable its automatic execution at every system startup:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
{433F7CA0-30B5-3CC9-3ADA-D085D86DBB47} = "%User Profile%\Altaiw\mikye.exe"

Other System Modifications

This spyware deletes the following files:

  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@atdmt[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@bing[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@c.atdmt[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@c.msn[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@doubleclick[1].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@microsoft[1].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@msnportal.112.2o7[1].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@msn[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@scorecardresearch[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@www.bing[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@www.msn[1].txt

It adds the following registry keys:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Itcic

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Explorer\Privacy

It adds the following registry entries:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Itcic
Keoxup = "{random values}"

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Internet Explorer\Privacy
CleanCookies = "0"

It modifies the following registry entries:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\0
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\1
1406 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\1
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\2
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\3
1406 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 3.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\3
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\4
1406 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 3.)

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\
Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\
Zones\4
1609 = "0"

(Note: The default value data of the said registry entry is 1.)

Dropping Routine

This spyware drops the following files:

  • %User Profile%\Altaiw\mikye.exe
  • %User Profile%\Gibat\dasoe.ubu

(Note: %User Profile% is the current user's profile folder, which is usually C:\Documents and Settings\{user name} on Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003, or C:\Users\{user name} on Windows Vista and 7.)

Other Details

This spyware connects to the following possibly malicious URL:

  • http://{BLOCKED}o.ru/garena/garena.ini

It deletes itself after execution.

This report is generated via an automated analysis system.

Solution


Minimum scan engine: 9.300

Step 1

Before doing any scans, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 users must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of their computers.

Step 2

Restart in Safe Mode

[ Learn more ]

Step 3

Delete this registry key

[ Learn more ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft
    • Itcic
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer
    • Privacy

Step 4

Delete this registry value

[ Learn more ]

Important: Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this step only if you know how or you can ask assistance from your system administrator. Else, check this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
    • {433F7CA0-30B5-3CC9-3ADA-D085D86DBB47} = "%User Profile%\Altaiw\mikye.exe"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Itcic
    • Keoxup = "{random values}"
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Privacy
    • CleanCookies = "0"

Step 5

Restore these modified registry values

[ Learn more ]

Important:Editing the Windows Registry incorrectly can lead to irreversible system malfunction. Please do this only if you know how to or you can seek your system administrator's help. You may also check out this Microsoft article first before modifying your computer's registry.


  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\0
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\1
    • From: 1406 = "0"
      To: 1406 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\1
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\2
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\3
    • From: 1406 = "0"
      To: 1406 = ""3""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\3
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\4
    • From: 1406 = "0"
      To: 1406 = ""3""
  • In HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\Zones\4
    • From: 1609 = "0"
      To: 1609 = ""1""

Step 6

Search and delete these components

[ Learn more ]
There may be some components that are hidden. Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the "More advanced options" option to include all hidden files and folders in the search result.
  • %User Profile%\Altaiw\mikye.exe
  • %User Profile%\Gibat\dasoe.ubu

Step 7

Search and delete these folders

[ Learn more ]
Please make sure you check the Search Hidden Files and Folders checkbox in the More advanced options option to include all hidden folders in the search result.
  • *
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Altaiw
  • %User Profile%\Application Data\Gibat

Step 8

Restart in normal mode and scan your computer with your Trend Micro product for files detected as TSPY_ZBOT.LA. If the detected files have already been cleaned, deleted, or quarantined by your Trend Micro product, no further step is required. You may opt to simply delete the quarantined files. Please check this Knowledge Base page for more information.

Step 9

Restore this file from backup only Microsoft-related files will be restored. If this malware/grayware also deleted files related to programs that are not from Microsoft, please reinstall those programs on you computer again.

  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@atdmt[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@bing[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@c.atdmt[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@c.msn[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@doubleclick[1].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@microsoft[1].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@msnportal.112.2o7[1].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@msn[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@scorecardresearch[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@www.bing[2].txt
  • %User Profile%\Cookies\wilbert@www.msn[1].txt


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Analysis By: Automation

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