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Malware type: Trojan

Aliases: Trojan-Downloader.Win32.Banload.xa (Kaspersky), PWS-Banker.gen.i (McAfee), Infostealer.Bancos (Symantec), TR/Dldr.Delphi.Gen (Avira), Troj/Banload-QE (Sophos), TrojanSpy:Win32/Banker (Microsoft)

In the wild: Yes

Destructive: No

Language: English

Platform: Windows 98, ME, NT, 2000, XP

Encrypted: No

Overall risk rating:

Reported infections:

Damage potential:


Distribution potential:



Upon execution, this Trojan drops a copy of itself as OFFICE.EXE in the Windows system folder.

It connects to a remote Web site to download the file IMGRT.SCR into the Windows system folder. The said file is detected by Trend Micro as TSPY_BANBRA.EI.

For additional information about this threat, see:

Description created: Feb. 18, 2006 6:37:23 AM GMT -0800

Minimum scan engine version needed: 7.000

Pattern file needed: 4.573.00

Pattern release date: Jul 1, 2007

Important note: The "Minimum scan engine" refers to the earliest Trend Micro scan engine version guaranteed to detect this threat. However, Trend Micro strongly recommends that you update to the latest version in order to get comprehensive protection. Download the latest scan engine here.


Note: To fully remove all associated spyware, perform the clean solution for TSPY_BANBRA.EI.

Terminating the Malware Program

This procedure terminates the running malware process.

  1. Open Windows Task Manager.
    • On Windows 95, 98, and ME, press
    • On Windows NT, 2000, and XP, press
    CTRL+SHIFT+ESC, then click the Processes tab.
  2. In the list of running programs*, locate the process:
  3. Select the malware process, then press either the End Task or the End Process button, depending on the version of Windows on your computer.
  4. To check if the malware process has been terminated, close Task Manager, and then open it again.
  5. Close Task Manager.

*NOTE: On computers running Windows 98 and ME, Windows Task Manager may not show certain processes. You can use a third party process viewer such as Process Explorer to terminate the malware process.

On computers running all Windows platforms, if the process you are looking for is not in the list displayed by Task Manager or Process Explorer, continue with the next solution procedure, noting additional instructions. If the malware process is in the list displayed by either Task Manager or Process Explorer, but you are unable to terminate it, restart your computer in safe mode.

Editing the Registry

This malware modifies the computer's registry. Users affected by this malware may need to modify or delete specific registry keys or entries. For detailed information regarding registry editing, please refer to the following articles from Microsoft:

  1. HOW TO: Backup, Edit, and Restore the Registry in Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows ME
  2. HOW TO: Backup, Edit, and Restore the Registry in Windows NT 4.0
  3. HOW TO: Backup, Edit, and Restore the Registry in Windows 2000
  4. HOW TO: Back Up, Edit, and Restore the Registry in Windows XP and Server 2003

Removing Autostart Entry from the Registry

Removing autostart entries from the registry prevents the malware from executing at startup.

If the registry entry below is not found, the malware may not have executed as of detection. If so, proceed to the succeeding solution set.

  1. Open Registry Editor. Click Start>Run, type REGEDIT, then press Enter.
  2. In the left panel, double-click the following:
  3. In the right panel, locate and delete the entry:
    dark = "%System%\Office.EXE"
    (Note: %System% is the Windows system folder, which is usually C:\Windows\System on Windows 98 and ME, C:\WINNT\System32 on Windows NT and 2000, and C:\Windows\System32 on Windows XP.)

Removing Malware Key from the Registry

  1. Still in Registry Editor, in the left panel, double-click the following:
  2. Again in the left panel, locate and delete the key:
  3. Close Registry Editor.

Important Windows ME/XP Cleaning Instructions

Users running Windows ME and XP must disable System Restore to allow full scanning of infected computers.

Users running other Windows versions can proceed with the succeeding solution set(s).

Running Trend Micro Antivirus

If you are currently running in safe mode, please restart your computer normally before performing the following solution.

Scan your computer with Trend Micro antivirus and delete files detected as TROJ_BANLOAD.GW. To do this, Trend Micro customers must download the latest virus pattern file and scan their computer. Other Internet users can use HouseCall, the Trend Micro online virus scanner.

Trend Micro offers best-of-breed antivirus and content-security solutions for your corporate network, small and medium business, mobile device or home PC.